Avicenna Journal of Dental Research

Published by: Kowsar

Smoking and Periodontal Diseases

Parviz Torkzaban 1 , * , Zahra Khalili 1 and Narges Ziaei 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
Article information
  • Avicenna Journal of Dental Research: December 01, 2013, 5 (2); e20218
  • Published Online: December 25, 2013
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: May 17, 2013
  • Accepted: June 29, 2013
  • DOI: 10.17795/ajdr-20218

To Cite: Torkzaban P, Khalili Z, Ziaei N. Smoking and Periodontal Diseases, Avicenna J Dent Res. 2013 ;5(2):e20218. doi: 10.17795/ajdr-20218.

Abstract
Copyright © 2013, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Context
2. Evidence Acquisition
3. Results
4. Conclusions
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Tonetti MS. Cigarette smoking and periodontal diseases: etiology and management of disease. Ann Periodontol. 1998; 3(1): 88-101[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Wilson TG, Jr. Effects of smoking on the periodontium. Quintessence Int. 1998; 29(4): 265-6[PubMed]
  • 3. Bergstrom J, Eliasson S, Preber H. Cigarette smoking and periodontal bone loss. J Periodontol. 1991; 62(4): 242-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Martinez-Canut P, Lorca A, Magan R. Smoking and periodontal disease severity. J Clin Periodontol. 1995; 22(10): 743-9[PubMed]
  • 5. Albandar JM, Streckfus CF, Adesanya MR, Winn DM. Cigar, pipe, and cigarette smoking as risk factors for periodontal disease and tooth loss. J Periodontol. 2000; 71(12): 1874-81[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Bergstrom J. Tobacco smoking and subgingival dental calculus. J Clin Periodontol. 2005; 32(1): 81-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Leroy K, Brion JP. Developmental expression and localization of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta in rat brain. J Chem Neuroanat. 1999; 16(4): 279-93[PubMed]
  • 8. Preber H, Bergstrom J. Occurrence of gingival bleeding in smoker and non-smoker patients. Acta Odontol Scand. 1985; 43(5): 315-20[PubMed]
  • 9. Anil S. Study of the patterns of periodontal destruction in smokers with chronic periodontitis. Indian J Dent Res. 2008; 19(2): 124-8[PubMed]
  • 10. Powell JT. Vascular damage from smoking: disease mechanisms at the arterial wall. Vasc Med. 1998; 3(1): 21-8[PubMed]
  • 11. Bergstrom J, Persson L, Preber H. Influence of cigarette smoking on vascular reaction during experimental gingivitis. Scand J Dent Res. 1988; 96(1): 34-9[PubMed]
  • 12. Palmer RM, Scott DA, Meekin TN, Poston RN, Odell EW, Wilson RF. Potential mechanisms of susceptibility to periodontitis in tobacco smokers. J Periodontal Res. 1999; 34(7): 363-9[PubMed]
  • 13. Mirbod SM, Ahing SI, Pruthi VK. Immunohistochemical study of vestibular gingival blood vessel density and internal circumference in smokers and non-smokers. J Periodontol. 2001; 72(10): 1318-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Holmes LG. Effects of smoking and/or vitamin C on crevicular fluid flow in clinically healthy gingiva. Quintessence Int. 1990; 21(3): 191-5[PubMed]
  • 15. Kinane DF, Radvar M. The effect of smoking on mechanical and antimicrobial periodontal therapy. J Periodontol. 1997; 68(5): 467-72[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Rawlinson A, Grummitt JM, Walsh TF, Ian Douglas CW. Interleukin 1 and receptor antagonist levels in gingival crevicular fluid in heavy smokers versus non-smokers. J Clin Periodontol. 2003; 30(1): 42-8[PubMed]
  • 17. Alavi AL, Palmer RM, Odell EW, Coward PY, Wilson RF. Elastase in gingival crevicular fluid from smokers and non-smokers with chronic inflammatory periodontal disease. Oral Dis. 1995; 1(3): 110-4[PubMed]
  • 18. Chen X, Wolff L, Aeppli D, Guo Z, Luan W, Baelum V, et al. Cigarette smoking, salivary/gingival crevicular fluid cotinine and periodontal status. A 10-year longitudinal study. J Clin Periodontol. 2001; 28(4): 331-9[PubMed]
  • 19. Gomes SC, Piccinin FB, Oppermann RV, Susin C, Nonnenmacher CI, Mutters R, et al. Periodontal status in smokers and never-smokers: clinical findings and real-time polymerase chain reaction quantification of putative periodontal pathogens. J Periodontol. 2006; 77(9): 1483-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Sayers NM, James JA, Drucker DB, Blinkhorn AS. Possible potentiation of toxins from Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, and Porphyromonas gingivalis by cotinine. J Periodontol. 1999; 70(11): 1269-75[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Umeda M, Chen C, Bakker I, Contreras A, Morrison JL, Slots J. Risk indicators for harboring periodontal pathogens. J Periodontol. 1998; 69(10): 1111-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Apatzidou DA, Riggio MP, Kinane DF. Impact of smoking on the clinical, microbiological and immunological parameters of adult patients with periodontitis. J Clin Periodontol. 2005; 32(9): 973-83[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Haffajee AD, Cugini MA, Dibart S, Smith C, Kent RL, Jr, Socransky SS. The effect of SRP on the clinical and microbiological parameters of periodontal diseases. J Clin Periodontol. 1997; 24(5): 324-34[PubMed]
  • 24. Giannopoulou C, Roehrich N, Mombelli A. Effect of nicotine-treated epithelial cells on the proliferation and collagen production of gingival fibroblasts. J Clin Periodontol. 2001; 28(8): 769-75[PubMed]
  • 25. James JA, Sayers NM, Drucker DB, Hull PS. Effects of tobacco products on the attachment and growth of periodontal ligament fibroblasts. J Periodontol. 1999; 70(5): 518-25[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Wendell KJ, Stein SH. Regulation of cytokine production in human gingival fibroblasts following treatment with nicotine and lipopolysaccharide. J Periodontol. 2001; 72(8): 1038-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Giannopoulou C, Geinoz A, Cimasoni G. Effects of nicotine on periodontal ligament fibroblasts in vitro. J Clin Periodontol. 1999; 26(1): 49-55[PubMed]
  • 28. Bulmanski Z, Brady M, Stoute D, Lallier TE. Cigarette smoke extract induces select matrix metalloproteinases and integrin expression in periodontal ligament fibroblasts. J Periodontol. 2012; 83(6): 787-96[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Ryder MI, Hyun W, Loomer P, Haqq C. Alteration of gene expression profiles of peripheral mononuclear blood cells by tobacco smoke: implications for periodontal diseases. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2004; 19(1): 39-49[PubMed]
  • 30. Giannopoulou C, Cappuyns I, Mombelli A. Effect of smoking on gingival crevicular fluid cytokine profile during experimental gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol. 2003; 30(11): 996-1002[PubMed]
  • 31. Morozumi T, Kubota T, Sugita N, Itagaki M, Yoshie H. Alterations of gene expression in human neutrophils induced by smoking cessation. J Clin Periodontol. 2004; 31(12): 1110-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Hodge PJ, Teague PW, Wright AF, Kinane DF. Clinical and genetic analysis of a large North European Caucasian family affected by early-onset periodontitis. J Dent Res. 2000; 79(3): 857-63[PubMed]
  • 33. Meisel P, Siegemund A, Dombrowa S, Sawaf H, Fanghaenel J, Kocher T. Smoking and polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 gene cluster (IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, and IL-1RN) in patients with periodontal disease. J Periodontol. 2002; 73(1): 27-32[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Koundouros E, Odell E, Coward P, Wilson R, Palmer RM. Soluble adhesion molecules in serum of smokers and non-smokers, with and without periodontitis. J Periodontal Res. 1996; 31(8): 596-9[PubMed]
  • 35. Mancini NM, Bene MC, Gerard H, Chabot F, Faure G, Polu JM, et al. Early effects of short-time cigarette smoking on the human lung: a study of bronchoalveolar lavage fluids. Lung. 1993; 171(5): 277-91[PubMed]
  • 36. Erdemir EO, Sonmez IS, Oba AA, Bergstrom J, Caglayan O. Periodontal health in children exposed to passive smoking. J Clin Periodontol. 2010; 37(2): 160-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Nishida N, Yamamoto Y, Tanaka M, Kataoka K, Kuboniwa M, Nakayama K, et al. Association between involuntary smoking and salivary markers related to periodontitis: a 2-year longitudinal study. J Periodontol. 2008; 79(12): 2233-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Sridharan S, Ganiger K, Satyanarayana A, Rahul A, Shetty S. Effect of environmental tobacco smoke from smoker parents on gingival pigmentation in children and young adults: a cross-sectional study. J Periodontol. 2011; 82(7): 956-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 39. Arbes SJ, Agustsdottir H, Slade GD. Environmental tobacco smoke and periodontal disease in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2001; 91(2): 253-7[PubMed]
  • 40. Pouliquen JC, Lacert P, Durand Y, Verneret C, Picard A, Parmain C. [Spastic knee flexion deformity. Results of surgical treatment]. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 1988; 74(5): 430-7[PubMed]
  • 41. Tangada SD, Califano JV, Nakashima K, Quinn SM, Zhang JB, Gunsolley JC, et al. The effect of smoking on serum IgG2 reactive with Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in early-onset periodontitis patients. J Periodontol. 1997; 68(9): 842-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 42. Barbour SE, Nakashima K, Zhang JB, Tangada S, Hahn CL, Schenkein HA, et al. Tobacco and smoking: environmental factors that modify the host response (immune system) and have an impact on periodontal health. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 1997; 8(4): 437-60[PubMed]
  • 43. Kenney EB, Kraal JH, Saxe SR, Jones J. The effect of cigarette smoke on human oral polymorphonuclear leukocytes. J Periodontal Res. 1977; 12(4): 227-34[PubMed]
  • 44. Noble RC, Penny BB. Comparison of leukocyte count and function in smoking and nonsmoking young men. Infect Immun. 1975; 12(3): 550-5[PubMed]
  • 45. Roome AJ, Walsh SJ, Cartter ML, Hadler JL. Hepatitis B vaccine responsiveness in Connecticut public safety personnel. JAMA. 1993; 270(24): 2931-4[PubMed]
  • 46. Shivanaikar SS, Faizuddin M, Bhat K. Effect of smoking on neutrophil apoptosis in chronic periodontitis: an immunohistochemical study. Indian J Dent Res. 2013; 24(1): 147[DOI][PubMed]
  • 47. Calsina G, Ramon JM, Echeverria JJ. Effects of smoking on periodontal tissues. J Clin Periodontol. 2002; 29(8): 771-6[PubMed]
  • 48. Haffajee AD, Socransky SS. Relationship of cigarette smoking to attachment level profiles. J Clin Periodontol. 2001; 28(4): 283-95[PubMed]
  • 49. Radvar M, Darby I, Polster A, Arashi M, Moeintaghavi A, Sohrabi K. Pattern of cigarette smoking effect on periodontal pocketing and attachment loss: a retrospective study. Int J Dent Hyg. 2011; 9(4): 291-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 50. Machuca G, Rosales I, Lacalle JR, Machuca C, Bullon P. Effect of cigarette smoking on periodontal status of healthy young adults. J Periodontol. 2000; 71(1): 73-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 51. Cesar Neto JB, de Souza AP, Barbieri D, Moreno H, Jr, Sallum EA, Nociti FH, Jr. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 may be involved with increased bone loss associated with experimental periodontitis and smoking: a study in rats. J Periodontol. 2004; 75(7): 995-1000[DOI][PubMed]
  • 52. Magnusson I, Walker CB. Refractory periodontitis or recurrence of disease. J Clin Periodontol. 1996; 23(3 Pt 2): 289-92[PubMed]
  • 53. Grossi SG, Zambon J, Machtei EE, Schifferle R, Andreana S, Genco RJ, et al. Effects of smoking and smoking cessation on healing after mechanical periodontal therapy. J Am Dent Assoc. 1997; 128(5): 599-607[PubMed]
  • 54. Scabbia A, Cho KS, Sigurdsson TJ, Kim CK, Trombelli L. Cigarette smoking negatively affects healing response following flap debridement surgery. J Periodontol. 2001; 72(1): 43-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 55. Jansson LE, Hagstrom KE. Relationship between compliance and periodontal treatment outcome in smokers. J Periodontol. 2002; 73(6): 602-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 56. Machtei EE, Hausmann E, Schmidt M, Grossi SG, Dunford R, Schifferle R, et al. Radiographic and clinical responses to periodontal therapy. J Periodontol. 1998; 69(5): 590-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 57. Heasman L, Stacey F, Preshaw PM, McCracken GI, Hepburn S, Heasman PA. The effect of smoking on periodontal treatment response: a review of clinical evidence. J Clin Periodontol. 2006; 33(4): 241-53[DOI][PubMed]
  • 58. Ah MK, Johnson GK, Kaldahl WB, Patil KD, Kalkwarf KL. The effect of smoking on the response to periodontal therapy. J Clin Periodontol. 1994; 21(2): 91-7[PubMed]
  • 59. Preber H, Bergstrom J. Effect of cigarette smoking on periodontal healing following surgical therapy. J Clin Periodontol. 1990; 17(5): 324-8[PubMed]
  • 60. Tonetti MS, Pini-Prato G, Cortellini P. Effect of cigarette smoking on periodontal healing following GTR in infrabony defects. A preliminary retrospective study. J Clin Periodontol. 1995; 22(3): 229-34[PubMed]
  • 61. Luepke PG, Mellonig JT, Brunsvold MA. A clinical evaluation of a bioresorbable barrier with and without decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft in the treatment of molar furcations. J Clin Periodontol. 1997; 24(6): 440-6[PubMed]
  • 62. Amarante ES, Leknes KN, Skavland J, Lie T. Coronally positioned flap procedures with or without a bioabsorbable membrane in the treatment of human gingival recession. J Periodontol. 2000; 71(6): 989-98[DOI][PubMed]
  • 63. Trombelli L, Scabbia A. Healing response of gingival recession defects following guided tissue regeneration procedures in smokers and non-smokers. J Clin Periodontol. 1997; 24(8): 529-33[PubMed]
  • 64. Haas R, Haimbock W, Mailath G, Watzek G. The relationship of smoking on peri-implant tissue: a retrospective study. J Prosthet Dent. 1996; 76(6): 592-6[PubMed]
  • 65. Preshaw PM, Hefti AF, Bradshaw MH. Adjunctive subantimicrobial dose doxycycline in smokers and non-smokers with chronic periodontitis. J Clin Periodontol. 2005; 32(6): 610-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 66. Machion L, Andia DC, Lecio G, Nociti FH, Jr, Casati MZ, Sallum AW, et al. Locally delivered doxycycline as an adjunctive therapy to scaling and root planing in the treatment of smokers: a 2-year follow-up. J Periodontol. 2006; 77(4): 606-13[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments